FPA in Electricity Bill

FPA in Electricity Bill

Fuel Price Adjustment FPA in Electricity Bill is one of the most controversial issues in Pakistan, as recently highlighted by the Lahore High Court. FPA is a common feature in electricity bills; people often pay it by any means necessary. It is important to understand the mechanism of fuel price adjustments in electricity bills to avoid misunderstandings.

Recently, the Lahore High Court declared FPA illegal and ruled that it should not be included in electricity bills because of not fully constituted under the NEPRA Act. However, as a user, you must know other surcharges that may be added to your bills, such as FC surcharges, TV fees, TR surcharges, GST, and FPA.

What is FPA in Electricity Bill

While discussing FPA in electricity bill, remember that Fuel Price Adjustment is not fixed. The rate of FPA increases or decreases as variations come in fuel cost, generation mix, and the usage of units in the consumer bill. Here, you can also raise the question of what FPA var is in the electricity bill related to changes in FPA rates.

These fluctuations of FPA in electricity bill are maintained by NEPRA, known as National Electric Power Regulatory Authority, especially in fuel cost and generation mix. Most people need clarification about the variations in FPA costs and other charges that electric power companies like MEPCO add to electricity bills. 

As the saying goes, these charges are divided into two categories: one is paid to the government of Pakistan, while the other is specifically for the companies that generate and distribute electricity in a given area.

FPA Tax in Electricity Bill Pakistan

As a developing country, Pakistan requires additional resources to meet its fuel demands. The lack of dams and water storage is a significant impediment to generating sufficient electricity for consumers. To address this issue, WAPDA Pakistan purchases fuel from other countries.

Additionally, to address the issue of costly crude oil for power generation, the government should engage private companies (IPPs) to undertake this task. Since crude oil is expensive globally, the IPPs cannot bear this expense and pass it on to consumers as part of the FPA tax included in the electricity bill.

General Process of Electricity Distribution & Usage

It’s necessary to understand the essential electricity function before stepping forward. This process starts with electricity generation, transmission, distribution, and use by the end-consumer using different means. It gives the general details of the complete process below. 

Electricity GenerationHydel Power
Thermal Power (coal and light)
Solar Panel (Sunlight)
Air Power (Wind)
Electricity Transmission SystemUse of power lines
Electricity DistributionUsing MEPCO and other distribution companies
Electricity UtilizationUsed by Industrial and Domestic users

How to Calculate FPA in Electricity Bill

For the average person, calculating the FPA rates and FPA GST on their electricity bill from MEPCO can be confusing. The taxes in the bill are not fixed and are subject to changes based on various factors, such as the rising cost of crude oil, changes in the generation mix, and import costs. 

FPA in electricity bill is one of the components included in MEPCO’s taxes that can change over time. Interestingly, these charges are first approved in parliament and then added to the electricity bills.  If you’re interested in calculating FPA tax by yourself, check out the current rates of FPA from the MEPCO website.

In the next step, to calculate the total FPA in the MEPCO electricity bill , multiply the FPA rate by the total units consumed. It’ ‘s as simple as pie, but you must check it carefully because if you’ve crossed the limits, then the result of the total FPA tax rate will be changed. 

Remember that FPA in electricity bill’s tax rates differ for commercial and residential areas according to consumption. Furthermore, you must add the electricity duty and 17% FPA GST in the total FPA tax rate in the electricity bill MEPCO. After that, you’ll be able to get accurate results of your calculations.


FPA stands for Fuel Price Adjustment in electricity bill MEPCO, that have many contradictions nowadays. Pakistan’s Lahore High Court declared it as an illegal amount that must be omitted from the electricity bill because it is the responsibility of the government to increase its power resources for recycling demand and supply wheel. 

However, FPA tax rate calculation and FPA GST variations are significant challenges for the common man that sometimes increases from the actual unit consumption cost. There’s a need to address this problem clearly to relieve the public.

 As a consumer of electric power resources, avoiding the FPA charges mentioned in your MEPCO electricity bill is impossible. It’s only possible if the law and judiciary take action for people’s relief. 

Usually, FPA rates are revised after one month or quarterly depending on the increase or decrease in fuel prices mainly. The government of Pakistan announces these changes through official notifications to revised MEPCO bills.

No, It can’t. The government of Pakistan first approved the FPA rate variations in the parliament. After approval, it’s necessary to announce through the official notification for revised MEPCO bills

No, it isn’t. The government sets the FPA rates according to the average cost of fuel used to generate electricity within a specific period. The FPA rate list on the MEPCO site can be checked for calculating the total FPA in the electricity bill MEPCO.

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